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By: FZ AZ

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Monday, 10-Jul-2006 15:10 Email | Share | Bookmark
Yazd water museum

 
Wind towers of Cistern
 
 
Kotal : It has used for Ashura ceremonies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
faucet of cisterns(200 years old )
 
 
A dam.an old one 700 years oldness
unbelievable even for me.my fathers had built it 700 years ago
 
3 floor underground for being cold
 
 
 
 
 
 
Right side: A crossed Iranian-chinese girl!!
 
 
 
I have to tell you something very frankly: The Fotopages.com encourages me for searching around Iran.i learned many things during my trips and i shared all of those information with you...Do you believe I love my country more than before???
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Just off of Meidûn-é Amîr Chakmâgh is an old building illuminated by an enormous flashing neon sign that in any other country would be advertising a tacky night-club or run-down casino but here in Yazd it is calling your attention to the equally thrilling sounding Yazd Water Museum.
Building a city in the desert was never going to be easy but the 5th century workmen who set-about laying the foundations succeeded through hard-work and ingenuity the story of which is retold in this former merchant’s house. A series of exhibits of ancient tools and machinery, all well labelled in English, relate the design and construction of the engineering marvel that allowed the dessert to bloom. The idea is simple you find an underground source of water that is higher then where you are, pretty easy on a plain surrounded by two of the country’s tallest mountains, and then you dig a long underground tunnel to channel it to you. Simple the idea may be but the implementation of it here in ancient Persia was revolutionary and would influence city design across the Arab world from Morocco to China for centuries to come.
The channels, called qanats, are dug so that they are just large enough for a worker to crawl through and they stretch at a slight angle for up to 45km to reach their water source. These qanats are dotted with shafts to the surface that are dug every 20 to 30 meters for ventilation and maintenance access. Upon reaching Yazd the qanats split into smaller channels called kariz that distribute the water to various locations throughout the old city. These are buried deep below the city to prevent the water from becoming contaminated. An outlet from one of these kariz can be seen in the basement of the museum another can be seen below Masjed-é Jame' that is used for ritual ablutions.
As the city continued to grow the channels were found to be inadequate to supply the growing water needs of the community and so rich merchants and officials began to dig large subterranean reservoirs called ab anbar in their gardens. These could hold up to 50 cubic meters of water, they would be filled from the kariz every couple of weeks, and cleaned once a year. The idea caught on and soon public ab anbar were built at key locations within the old city. Some of these can still be seen, from the outside they are large mud brick domes with multiple badgir (wind-catchers) rising up from them to funnel down the slightest of breezes to help cool the water. The system works surprisingly well and if you descend the long staircase to the entrance of one you will see just how cool it is inside.
The simple museum may not sound thrilling but for just 10,000 rials it allows you to fully appreciate everything you see in Yazd from the old city to the pomegranate and apricot plantations that dot its outskirt.

From journal: Ancient Yazd: Pearl of the Desert
I want to give you completeand correct information so you see i search and find some texts for you
http://www.watermuseum.ir/en/index.php


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