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By: FZ AZ

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Saturday, 6-May-2006 11:34 Email | Share | Bookmark
Urmia - Urumieh

Gharebagh church
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gullan church
Gullan church
Gullan church
 
 
 
 
city of Grapes
 
 
 
Urmia inn
 
Shikh tape distirct
 
 
Daneshkadeh St
 
 
Shaharchay river
seer mount
Seer church
Seer church
Seer church
 
Urmia
 
Band village
 
Urmia university (Good memories)
 
 
 
 
My old house in urmia
 
 
 
I am originally from this city but i born in Tehran.I was in this city 15 years ago as a student.and good memories by kind Azeries.People of azerbaijan are so cute and kind and their hospitallity is so famous if you live with them would become agree with me .When i was a little boy i knew Azerbaijan as Sun flowers land.
Urmia (Persian: ارومیه, Azeri: Urumiah, Kurdish: Wurmê, Syriac: ܘܪܡܝܐ; previously called رضائیه, Rezaiyeh) is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azerbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia near the Turkish border. Its population in 2005 is estimated at 602,403 [1].
Etymology
The name Urmia is thought to have come from Syriac, the language of the city's Assyrian founders: Ur, meaning "cradle," and mia, meaning "water." Hence, Urmia, situated by a lake and surrounded by rivers, is the cradle of water
People
Urmia is an ethnically diverse city, with a population composed of Azeris, Assyrians, Kurds, and Persians. The Kurds and Azeris comprise the majority of Urmia and the main languages spoken in the city are Kurdish and Azerbaijani. The city has been home to various ethnic groups during its long history and in different periods different ethnic groups has formed majority of its inhabitants. while at begining of 20th century and after migration of Christians from the city Turks were the main ethnic group with significant Kurdish population[2], at the end of the century especilly after Iranian revolution, by immigration of Kurds who traditioanlly were a mountain-dweller people and lived in mountainous regions around Urmia the Kurds gradually became the main ethnic group in the city. According to Yuri Nabiyev, a journalist for the Russian Regnum News Agency in a recent research: Some 15 years ago Urmia in Iran was a half-Kurdish, half-Azeri town. Now it is almost totally Kurdish. [3].
In the past, Urmia was also the traditional home of Assyrians in Iran. However, during World War I almost the entire population fled the area due to battles between the Russian and Ottoman armies. During the era of Reza Shah Pahlavi, Iranian Assyrians were invited to return to the region and repopulate their villages and a few thousand did return. However, since that time, most Assyrians are centered in Tehran and other major cities. [4]
Iran´s Minister of Energy, Parviz Fattah, is from Urmia
History
The Columbia Encyclopedia mentions that Urmia was an important town in the region during the 9th century.[5] Urmia, according to some historians, is also believed to be the birthplace of the prophet Zarathustra.

Oghuz Turks entered the area in the 11th century, in the period 1029 to 1041. At this time, the ruler of Urmia was Abul-Hayja bin Rabib al-Dawla, who was the chief of Hadhbani Kurds. He defeated the Oghuz Turks and killed 25,000 of them, when they were trying to pass through his territory [6].

The city was reportedly sacked by the Seljuk Turks in 1184. The Ottoman Turks made several incursions into the city, but the Safavids were soon able to regain control over the area. The first monarch of Iran's Qajar dynasty, Agha Muhammad Khan, was coronated in Urmia in 1795. Due to Urmia's relatively large Christian population growth by the end of the 19th century, Urmia also became the seat of the first American Christian mission in Iran in 1835. Another mission soon became operational in nearby Tabriz as well. It is reported that by the turn of the century, Christians composed more than 50% of the city's population. Most of them, however, fled the city during or after WWI. Currently, Muslims constitute 95% of the population.

The Catholic Encyclopedia mentions Urmia as the seat of a Chaldean diocese
I didn't have enough time to show you urmia's museum but you can use this link:

http://urmiamuseum.org/
I used some of Articles from :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urmia




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