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By: FZ AZ

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Sunday, 23-Apr-2006 11:19 Email | Share | Bookmark
Take a trip to my homeland- Azerbaijan

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
zanjan
Entering to Azerbaijan
 
Tabriz capital of azerbaijan
 
Tabriz
 
Tabriz
Tabriz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
shah goli ( Eil goli)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pars hotel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First, i have to tell you that i am an iranian after that i am an Azeri....
I told you i am an Iranian!!! what is the difference between Iranian and persian? generally you know all of us as persian but persians are agroup of iranians and their population is50% of Iran's population we are brothers of a big familly with the name of Iran. Iran contains many ethnical groups such as us and persians and kurds. lors, baluches gilaks ......... we live peacfully with each others...
My Idea about republic of azerbaijan: i look at that state as a member far from her familly...

There are several hypotheses regarding the origins of the name "Azerbaijan." The most common theory is that it is derived from "Atropatan." Atropat was the satrap at the time of the Persian Achaemenid dynasty, and gained independence after Alexander the Great destroyed the Achaemenids. The region was known as Media Atropatia or Atropatene at the time.
There are also alternative opinions that the term is a slight Turkification of Azarbaijan, in turn an Arabicized version of the original Persian name Âzarâbâdagân, made up of âzar+âbadag+ân (âzar=fire; âbâdag=cultivated area; ân=suffix of pluralization); that it traditionally means "the land of eternal flames" or "the land of fire", which probably implies Zoroastrian fire temples in this land. Some Azeri historians contend that the name is made up of four Azerbaijani components: az+er+bay+can, which means "the land of the brave Az people" or "an elevated place for the wealthy and exalted."
Historically, a large part of the territory of the present-day Azerbaijan Republic has been called ARRAN named after Arran, a legendary founder of Caucasian Albania. However, the precise location identified by this name has shifted somewhat over time, currently referring to the lowland Karabakh plains situated between the Kura and Araks rivers.
Some opponents of the name Azerbaijan assert that it is anachronistic to use it in a historical context before 1918, because, they say, the term was first introduced by the national intelligentsia in early 20th century and later was endorsed by the Bolsheviks, with intention of claiming the northern province of Persia. To substantiate this claim they state that until the early 20th century the population of present-day Azerbaijan had no clear ethnic identification and referred to themselves primarily as "Muslims."
History:
The earliest known inhabitants of what is today Azerbaijan were the Caucasian Albanians, a Caucasian-speaking people who appear to have been in the region prior to the host of peoples who would eventually invade the Caucasus. Historically Azerbaijan has been occupied by a variety of peoples, including Armenians, Persians, Romans, Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Greek Empire, and Russians.
The first state to emerge in the territory of present-day Republic of Azerbaijan was Mannae in the 9th century BC, lasting until 616 BC when it was overthrown by the Medes. The satrapies of Atropatene and Caucasian Albania were established in the 4th century BC and included the approximate territories of present-day Azerbaijan and southern parts of Dagestan.
Islam spread rapidly in Azerbaijan following the Arab conquests in the 7th–8th centuries. After the power of the Arab Khalifate waned, several semi-independent states have been formed, the Shirvanshah kingdom being one of them. In the 11th century, the conquering Seljuk Turks became the dominant force in Azerbaijan and laid the ethnic foundation of contemporary Azerbaijanis or Azeri Turks. In the 13–14th centuries, the country experienced Mongol-Tatar invasions.
Azerbaijan was part of the Safavid state in 15th–18th centuries. It also underwent a brief period of feudal fragmentation in the mid-18th to early 19th centuries, and consisted of independent khanates. Following the two wars between the Qajar dynasty of Persia and the Russian Empire, Azerbaijan was acquired by Russia through the Treaty of Gulistan in 1813, and the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828.
About Tabriz:
Tabriz (Persian: تبریز , Azeri: Təbriz) is a city in north-western Iran with a population of 2.2 million people. Tabriz is situated north of the volcanic cone of Sahand south of the Eynali mountain. It is the capital of East Azerbaijan Province.
Tabriz is the main cultural center of the Iranian Azerbaijan, and most of its people are Azeri-speaking people of Turkic origin. The main language spoken in the city is Azerbaijani.
Historically, the founding of the city is shrouded in mystery. Some sources mention the Sassanid era, while others claim that it had been built by one of the wives of Harun al-Rashid. Tabriz was the capital of the Ilkhanate empire from about 1270 to 1305, of the Aq Quyunlu from about 1469 to about 1502, and of the Safavids from 1502-1548. It also fell under Ottoman rule during the time of the Safavids.
Also some other strong resources based on new founds, shows even longer history on this part. Indeed, strong evidence from British Egyptologist and historian David Rohl suggests that the Biblical Garden of Eden was situated here. His findings were published in his book Legend: The Genesis of Civilisation and then made into a documentary for the Discovery Channel.
Violent earthquakes have wiped out most of the historic monuments of Tabriz. The chief survival is the Tabriz Citadel (Ark-e Tabriz or Ark-e Ælishah), a ruin of vertical book-shaped elements. The Blue Mosque of Tabriz (Göy-Mæčid), is another important monument in the city.
Tabriz is where the constitutionalists of Iran were centered during the early 20th century. An American who died defending the Constitutional Revolution, Howard Baskerville, is buried in Tabriz. The famous Iranian historian and philosopher, Ahmad Kasravi, was born in a nearby village called Hokmavar. Samad Behrangi famous Azerbaijani writer, and musicians like Ali Salimi, Vahid Houseini, Ostad Bigjeh Khani were tar specialists.
Tabriz has a climate not unlike that of Denver, Colorado. The weather gets very hot in the summer and very cool in the winter.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azerbaijan


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