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Thursday, 26-Jan-2006 00:00 Email | Share | Bookmark
the Congregation (Jame') Mosqueof Varamin

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
This photo is not mine
 
 
 
 
 
Date 1322-26
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ala o dole Tower
 
Date 1289
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Varamin's university
Date 1933
 
Varamin is a city located in the south of Tehran Province, Iran.
It has a population of 176,000. [1]
Varamin has an extensive history. The raiding of Ray by the invading Mongols and Timurids, generated a flux of migrations to this area.
Among the relics of antiquity of Varamin one can mention the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Yahya built in the 14th century, and the Congregation (Jame') Mosque, from the era of the Ilkhanid Abu Saeed are located here.

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Ala ad-Din Tomb Tower, Tomb Tower of Alaaddin, Allah ad Din Tomb, Mausoleum of ?Ala al-Din
This flanged tomb tower with conical roof is noted for the inscription band set into the faces of the 32 flanges, just below the roof cornice. The inscription of faience and unglazed terracotta constitutes a 'culminating point in the use of glazed decoration prior to the introduction of complete mosaic faience' (Wilber).

The interior walls are fired brick with some plaster, covered by an inner dome. The southeastern entrance portal with two layers of muqarnas-filled arches is a recent construction. An intramural staircase leads from a height above ground level that suggests access was originally provided by an adjacent structure, no longer existing.

Source:
Donald N. Wilber, The Architecture of Islamic Iran, (New York: Greenwood Press, 1969).

Masjid-e Jame, Congregational Mosque

Construction of the Masjid-e Jame in Varamin was ordered in 1322, during the reign of Abu Sa'id, son and successor of Oljeitu. With the exception of the Seljuk Masjid-e Jame at Zavareh, it is the oldest extant mosque with an ideal four-iwan plan. Moreover, it is the only surviving Mongol example of such a plan constructed within a single period- most examples of such dating from the Timurid and Safavid periods. Inscriptions on the southern iwan cite the Timurid Shah Rukh. However, work undertaken during his reign seems to be limited to the two panels on which the inscriptions appear, some decoration within the sanctuary, and possibly the mihrab.
Typical of Mongol courts, the arcaded courtyard is small in scale. The western side is a recent reconstruction. The iwan of the east and north façades are formed with an increase in scale of the central arcade arch. The southern iwan rises higher than the others and is larger in area. The semi-vault is filled with muqarnas. Three arches pierce the rear of the iwan, leading into the domed chamber: the triple-arch form recalling a Sasanian model. A richly decorated entry portal leading into the northern iwan lies on axis with the sanctuary iwan.
The mosque is noted for the elegant proportions of the dome, and the proportions between dome and portal screen. The dome rises high above the mass of the building, supported on a sixteen-side zone that rests on an octagonal zone that in turn rests on the square sanctuary chamber. The move toward increased verticality, including the interior spaces, constitutes a development from earlier mosques.


Remaining decoration reveals extensive application of plaster and faience. Plaster treatments include elaborate and varied brick bonding patterns, and carved stucco floral and geometrical patterns and inscriptions. The mihrab, decorated with deep carved stucco, was never completed. The tile mosaic is unremarkable for the period, largely in patterns of light and dark blue glazed brick with buff unglazed terracotta.

Sources:

Blair, Sheila S. and Jonathan M. Bloom. 1994. The Art and Architecture of Islam. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Michell, George. 1978. Architecture of the Islamic World. London: Thames and Hudson.
Pope, Arthur Upham. "The Fourteenth Centur". In A Survey of Persian Art (Arthur Upham Pope and Phyllis Ackerman, eds.). Tehran: Soroush Press, 1052-1102.
Wilber, Donald N. 1969. The Architecture of Islamic Iran: The Il-Khanid Period. New York: Greenwood Press.


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