[Recommend this Fotopage] | [Share this Fotopage]
View complete fotopage

Thursday, 26-Feb-2009 16:44 Email | Share | Bookmark
Kanchanaburi / Part 2

The Kwai River

Internationally famous, thanks the several motion pictures and books, the black iron bridge was brought from Java by the Japanese supervision by Allied prisoner-of-war labour as part of the Death Railway linking Thailand with Burma. Still in use today, the bridge was the target of frequent Allied bombing raids during World War II and was rebuild after war ended. The curved spans of the bridge are the original sections. A daily train is still following the historical route from Kanchanaburi to Nam Tok Railway Station.
Historical background: 'Death Railway'
In 1943 thousands of Allied Prisoners of War (PoW) and Asian labourers worked on the Death Railway under the imperial Japanese army in order to construct part of the 415 km long Burma-Thailand railway. Most of these men were Australians, Dutch and British and they had been working steadily southwards from Thanbyuzayat (Burma) to link with other PoW on the Thai side of the railway. This railway was intended to move men and supplies to the Burmese front where the Japanese were fighting the British. Japanese army engineers selected the route which traversed deep valleys and hills. All the heavy work was done manually either by hand or by elephant as earth moving equipment was not available. The railway line originally ran within 50 meters of the Three Pagodas Pass which marks nowadays the border to Burma. However after the war the entire railway was removed and sold as it was deemed unsafe and politically undesirable. The prisoners lived in squalor with a near starvation diet. They were subjected to captor brutality and thus thousands perished. The men worked from dawn until after dark and often had to trudge many kilometres through the jungle to return to base camp where Allied doctors tended the injured and diseased by many died. After the war the dead were collectively reburied in the War Cemeteries and will remain forever witness to a brutal and tragic ordeal.

The Bridge on the River Kwai
An epic film based on the true story of prisoners of war in 1943 forced to build the Bangkok-Rangoon railway bridge over the Kwai river in the Burma-Thailand jungle. Filmed in Ceylon, the movie bridge was built in 8 months by 500 workers and 35 elephants, at a height of 50 feet above water and 425 feet long. The real bridge near Kanchanaburi,Thailand, is a different bridge than the movie version. It was built over several months starting October 1942 by slave labor civilians and POWs as part of the Death Railway to supply Japanese troops in Burma from Rangoon. Low to the water, constructed of steel and concrete, the bridge was not blown up but remains today as a usable bridge and tourist attraction. According to survivor Fred Seiker, "The railway was completed on the 17th October 1943 at Konkuita in Thailand, not far from the Three Pagodas Pass. l shall not enter into the statistics or technical data or the final death toll of the various countries involved; these have been extensively quoted in numerous publications, only to state that the railway was 415km long and built from scratch in just 16 months. (A previous assessment, carried out by British Engineers was 5 years.). The total labor force consisted of about 68,000 Allied POWs and 200,000 Asian laborers. The combined death toll was around 96,000, of which 18,000 were Allied POWs. Consider for just a moment how these human beings died, where they died and, above all, why they died."

Released by Columbia Pictures 1957, CinemaScope, stereo 6-track sound, 155 mins.

در مورد فيلم رودخانه كواي نتونستم نظرم رو نگم. اين فيلم بسيار مشهور تاريخ سينماي جهان كه برنده جوايز مهمي چون جايزه اسكار بوده است از نظر من كاملا در جهت اهداف تبليغاني انگليس بوده است. از طرفي تمايلات فاشيستي و نژاد پرستانه امپراتوري ژاپن قابل دفاع نيست و ژاپني ها عامل جنايات گسترده اي در منطفه شرق و جنوب شرق آسيا بوده اند كه كوچكترين آن به بردگي كشاندن هزاران زن كره اي بوده است و در مورد عملكرد آنها در اردوگاههاي اسراي جنگي در تايلند نيز نمي توان ترديدي داشت. اما از طرفي طرف مقابل يعني انگليس نيز خود يك استعمار گر كار كشته است و نيت من از نوشتن اين مطلب توجيه عملكرد ژاپني ها نيست بلكه نقد يك فيلم است قبل از ديدن پل اصلي بر روي رودخانه كواي تجسمي كه از اين پل داشتم همان پلي بود كه در فيلم مربوطه به تصوير كشيده شده بود پلي چوبي و با طولي كم و...اما با قدم زدن بر روي اين پل و به خاطر آوردن ديالوگهاي فيلم حس كردم كارگردان فيلم با هدف مشخصي سعي در قبولاندن نظرات خود به بيننده داشته است. چرا كه توانايي تكنولوژيكي ژاپني ها را به هيچ انگاشته است و تمامي تلاشهاي انجام شده در ساخت پل را حاصل عملكرد مهندسان انگليسي دانسته است در صورتي كه اين پل فلزي مي باشد و بيش از شصت سال از عمر آن مي گذرد و هنوز مورد استفاده مي باشد و فولاد بكار رفته در شهر يوكوهاماي ژاپن ريخته گري شده بود و از روي آن علامت نيز عكس گرفته ام. و از جاوه مستقيما به تايلند ارسال شده بود از طرفي در جريان فيلم هيچ نشاني از صدها هزار كارگرأسيايي نيست و تمامي اسراي جنگي نيزانگليسي بوده اند در حالي كه عملا انگليسي ها تنها بخشي از اسراي مذكور را تشكيل مي داده اند چرا كه هويت كشته شده گان اين ماجرا بر روي گورهايشان مشخص است آنها مجموعه اي از اسراي متفقين بوده اند نه فقط انگليسي ها و در نهايت ديدار از كانچنابوري تجربه بي نظيري بود و مي توان تفاوت بين واقعيت تا آنچه رسانه ها مي خواهند به ما بقبولانند را درك كرد كه تا چه حد است
براي ما افسرانگليسي فرقي با افسر نازي هيتلري ندارد چرا كه منجي انگلستان در جنگ جهاني دوم كسي نيست جز چرچيل كه برنامه ريز كودتاي 28 مرداد در ايران بوده است و چشمداشت به منافع ملي ما داشته است و هر چه به سر ما آمده است زير سر همين فريبكاران مكار است
و فيلم پل بر روي رودخانه كواي نيز يكي ديگر از مكر هاي انگليسي ها مي باشد

View complete fotopage

© Pidgin Technologies Ltd. 2016