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Monday, 20-Aug-2007 12:35 Email | Share | Bookmark
Khorhe Temple- Markazi province, Fotos by Saman

The outcome of the sixth season of archaeological research in the Khorhe resulted in an indication of the boundary of the Parthian structural complex and preparing its plan.
“In this season we have managed to excavate the external and internal parts of the manor house. Also we have found a part of outer wall, which was located in the adjacent tappeh. The courtyard and the rest of the structure will be excavated in future”, Dr Mehdi Rahbar, head of excavation announced in a press conference yesterday.
“The outer wall made of travertine stones, with a length 27 to 28 meters from the main gate, which enclose the southwest of the tappeh. Tappeh itself is located in 400 meters above the plain level, which is expected to be excavated in the near future”, Rahbar stated.
“The manor house was erected at the peak of the tappeh’s slope, with a views over the plain. It was constructed around 1st century CE, and it was in use until the fall of Parthian dynasty. The structure is of a historical importance which provides us with a valuable information” Rahabr asserted.
He continued, “the material cultures that recovered from the site, are including a hammer-headed vessel with decoration around its rim, few knife sharpeners made of sandstone, a typical Parthian small marble vessel, bronze fingerings, various pottery, pieces of Parthian Jeringi ceramic vessels, and a large ceramic pot with flattened foots, which was field at the bottom with gypsum to prevent it from cracking.
“The architectural and cultural evidence discovered from the building, points out to the high social status of the owner of the complex, possibly was closely related to the ruling Imperial House of Ashkan. The inner walls of the complex were originally decorated with various colours, such as red, orange and brown, but in later date, around 400 CE were covered with white stuccos” Rahbar added.
This is the only Parthian structure with such a complete plan that we have in Iran-Proper, which is parallel to another Parthian structure located in Abu-Qabur near Baghdad, in modern Iraq”, Rahbar concluded.

روستاي‌ تاريخي‌ خورهه‌ در غرب‌ جاده‌ اصلي‌ تهران‌ - اصفهان‌ قرار دارد كه‌ در غرب‌ آن‌ آثار باستاني‌ مربوط‌ به‌ دوره‌ سلوكيان‌ مشهود است‌. اين‌ آثار به‌ قرن‌ چهارم‌ و يا سوم‌ قبل‌ از ميلاد تعلّق‌ دارد و گويامعبدي‌ بوده‌ است‌ كه‌ هم‌ اكنون‌ دو ستون‌ سنگي‌ با ارتفاع‌ ۶ متر از آن‌ باقي‌ مانده‌ است‌. اين‌ اثر تاريخي‌ با ارزش‌ درزمره‌ آثار درجه‌ يك‌ (پنج‌ ستاره‌) ارزش‌ گذاري‌ شده‌ است‌. طبق‌ بررسي‌ها و نظر "هرتسفلد" اين‌ مكان‌ معبدديونيوس‌ يا خداي‌ شراب‌ است‌ كه‌ امروزه‌ نيز تاكستان‌هاي‌ بسياري‌ در اطراف‌ آن‌ وجود دارد.
مكان‌ معبد به جلگه‌ جنوبي‌ مشرف‌ است‌ و رودخانه‌ خورهه‌ از نزديكي‌ آن‌ مي‌گذرد. حصار و ستون‌ها، بقاياي‌ساختمان‌ بزرگي‌ هستند كه‌ شالوده‌ آن‌ احتمالاً در ۲۳ قرن‌ پيش‌ ريخته‌ شده‌ است‌. نتايج‌ حفاري‌هاي‌ متعدد درمنطقه‌ تاريخي‌ خورهه‌ نشان‌ مي‌دهد كه‌ ساختمان‌ خورهه‌ از ساختمان هاي‌ مربوط‌ بهم‌ تشكيل‌ شده‌ كه‌ عبارتند از:
ساختمان‌ اصلي‌ جنوبي‌ مشتمل‌ بر ستون‌ها، اتاق‌ها و صحن‌ حياط‌، و ساختمان‌ شمالي‌ كه‌ بناي‌ اصلي‌ است‌و اتاق‌ها و راهروهايي‌ دارد و بناي‌ غربي كه‌ مشتمل‌ بر تعدادي‌ اتاق‌ و يك‌ سالن‌است.
يك‌ چشمه‌ معدني‌ با آبدهي‌ بسيار خوب‌ در كنار اين‌ اثر تاريخي‌ قرار دارد.

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