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Wednesday, 2-May-2007 02:40 Email | Share | Bookmark
Hassanlu Historical site, West Azarbaijan- fotos by Saman


Teppe Hasanlu or Tappeh Hassanlu(Turkish;Hasanlı Tepesi) (Persian تپه حسنلو) is an ancient archeological site located in the province of West Azarbaijan, in northwest Iran, a short distance southwest of Lake Urmia (former Rezā`īyé).
Hasanlu Tepe is the largest site in the Qadar River valley and dominates the small plain known as Solduz. The site consists of a 25m high central "Citadel" mound surrounded by a low Outer Town, 8m above the surrounding plain. The entire site, once much larger but reduced in size by local agricultural and building activities, now measures about 600m across, with the Citadel having a diameter of about 200 m.
this site is thought to have been inhabited in several stages, the oldest starting from the 6th millennium BCE, and is famous for the Golden Vase found by a team from The University of Pennsylvania led by Robert Dyson, in 1958.

Restoration of the latest Archaeological findings in the Hassanlu hill has been completed, in an effort aimed at protecting the mud brick architectural relics from humidity and precipitations.
Archaeologist Hossein Razaghi said: “Two months ago, before cold season started, restoration of the architectural relics, found in the Archaeological layers of the hill, was initiated. Since these relics were made of mud bricks and are prone to disintegration and erosion due to humidity and precipitations, they have been restored and preserved.”
The Archaeological hill of Hassanlu was designated as a permanent national Archaeological site in the current year. Thus the researchers and Archaeologists could constantly continue their works on this hill in all seasons.
The Hassanlu hill comprises ten settlement layers which started from the sixth millennium B.C. to the Islamic era. As far as Archaeology is concerned, the fourth layer is the most important part in this hill.
As for a 20-year project which got underway in 1981, Razaghi said: “80% of the excavation works in this hill is yet to be completed. The main parts of the hill are unscathed and have yet to be excavated. With new tools expected to arrive, we hope to find significant resources of history of civilization in the Archaeological hill of Hassanlu.”
The Hassanlu Hill is located on the “Souldouz” plain, 7 km east north of Naghadeh in the West Azarbaijan province.
The Hassanlu Chalice is the most prominent relic found in this hill. This hill has solved a lot of puzzles about the Iron Age and provides the Archaeologists with useful information regarding the Urartu civilization.

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